Chinese Herb Categories

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In Chinese herbal medicine, there are about eight thousand herbs discovered for healing usage, 700 of them are used in daily practice. It remains a major challenge to organize and categorize these herbs since ancient time. Making an alphabetical list is the most easiest way to organize them. But it is not useful when comes to herbal formulation according to TCM disease patterns. Here below you can see three major herbal classifications in the development of Chinese herbal medicine.

Herbal classification during Han dynasty

In Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, herbs are classified according to function and toxic effects in three categories (120 herbs in each of them):

  1. High class herbs correspond to the sky: They are emperors, non-toxic and used for better physical and mental condition. They strengthen the immune system, benefit Qi and extend lifespan.
    Click here to show/ Hide this category herbs:
  2. Middle class herbs correspond to human beings: they are ministers, no or little toxic, usually used for disease prevention, control, or to people with a supplement deficiency.
    Click here to show/ Hide this category herbs:
    Pinyin Chinese English Latin
    Bai Jiang Can 白僵蚕 Bombyx Bombyx Batryticatus
    Bai Jiang Cao 败酱草 Thlaspi Patriniae seu Thlaspii, Herba
    Bai Mao Gen 白茅根 Imperata Imperatae Cylindricae, Rhizoma
    Bai Shao 白芍 Peony White Paeoniae Lactiflorae, Radix
    Bai Xian Pi 白鲜皮 Dictamnus Dictamni Dasycarpi Radicis, Cortex
    Bai Zhi 白芷 Angelica Angelicae Dahuricae, Radix
    Bei Mu 川贝母 Fritillaria Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Bulbus
    Bei Sha Shen (北)沙参 Glehnia Glehniae, Radix
    Bi Jie 萆薢 Tokoro Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae, Rhizoma
    Bie Jia 鳖甲 Tortoise Shell Amydae Sinensis, Carapax
    Chan Tui 蝉蜕 Cicada Cicadae, Periostracum
    Chi Xiao Dou 赤小豆 Rice Bean, Adsuki bean Phaseoli Calcarati, Semen
    Chuan Xiong 川芎 Cnidium Ligustici Chuanxiong, Rhizoma
    Ci Shi 磁石 Magnetite Magnetitum
    Dang Gui 当归 Angelicae Sinensis Angelicae Sinensis, Radix
    Di Yu 地榆 Sanguisorba Sanguisorbae Officinalis, Radix
    Fang Ji 防己, 汉防己 Stephania Root Stephaniae Tetrandrae, Radix
    Gan Jiang 干姜 Ginger Dry Zingiberis Officinalis, Rhizoma
    Ge Gen 葛根 Pueraria, Kudzu Root Pueraria, Radix
    Gou Ji 狗脊 Cibotium Cibotii Barometz, Rhizoma
    Gua Lou 瓜蒌 Trichosanthes Fruit Trichosanthis, Fructus
    Hai Zao 海藻 Sargassum Sargassii, Herba
    He Huan Pi 合欢皮 Albizia Bark Albizziae Julibrissin, Cortex
    Hou Po 厚朴 Magnolia Bark Magnoliae Officinalis, Cortex
    Huang Qin 黄芩 Scute Scutellariae Baicalensis, Radix
    Ji Xue Cao 积雪草 asiatic pennywort Centella asiatica
    Jing Jie 荆芥 Schizonepeta Schizonepetae Tenuifoliae, Herba seu Flos
    Ku Shen 苦参 Sophora Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix
    Kuan Dong Hua 款冬花 Tussilago Tussilaginis Farfarae, Flos
    Ling Yang Jiao 羚羊角 Antilope Horn Cornu Antelopis
    Long Yan Rou 龙眼肉 Longan Longanae, Arillus [Euphoriae, Fructus]
    Lu Feng Fang 露蜂房 Wasp Nest Nidus VespaeNidus Vespae
    Lu Rong 鹿茸 Pilose Deer Antler Cornu Cervi Parvum; pantocrinum
    Ma Huang 麻黄 Ephedra Ephedrae, Herba
    Mu Dan Pi 牡丹皮 Moutan Moutan Radicis, Cortex
    Mu Tong 木通, Clematis Clematidis Armandii, Caulis
    Qin Jiao 秦艽 Gentiana Macrophylla Root Gentianae Macrophyllae, Radix
    Qu Mai 瞿麦 Dianthu Dianthi, Herba
    Shan Zhu Yu 山茱萸 Cornus Corni Officinalis, Fructus
    Sheng Jiang 生姜 Ginger Raw Zingiberis Officinalis Recens, Rhizoma
    Shi Gao 石膏 Gypsum Gypsum Fibrosum
    Shi Wei 石韦 Pyrrosia Pyrrosiae, Folium
    Tong Cao 通草 Tetrapanax Tetrapanacis Papyriferi, Medulla
    Wu Mei 乌梅 Mume Pruni Mume, Fructus
    Wu Zhu Yu 吴茱萸 Evodia Evodiae Rutaecarpae, Fructus
    Xing Ren 杏仁 Apricot Seed Pruni Armeniacae, Semen
    Xuan Shen 玄参 Scrophularia Scrophulariae Ningpoensis, Radix
    Ying Yang Huo 淫羊霍 Epimedium Epimedii, Herba
    Ze Lan 泽兰 Lycopus Lycopi Lucidi, Herba
    Zhi Mu 知母 Anemarrhena Anemarrhenae Asphodeloidis, Radix
    Zhi Shi 枳实 Citri seu Ponciri I. Citri seu Ponciri Immaturus, Fructus
    Zhi Zi 栀子 Gardenia Gardeniae Jasminoidis, Fructus
    Zhu Ling 猪苓 Polyporus Polypori Umbellati, Sclerotium
    Zi Cao 紫草 Lithospermum Lithospermi seu Arnebiae, Radix
    Zi Wan 紫菀 Aster Asteris Tatarici, Radix
  3. Lower Class herbs correspond to earth: they are assistants, many of them are poisonous. This kind of herbs are applied in order to eliminate pathogenic factors. Careful use, proper dosage and duration are key requirements.
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    Pinyin Chinese English Latin
    Bai Bian Dou 白扁豆 Dolichos Seed Dolichoris Lablab, Semen
    Bai Dou Kou 白豆蔻 Cluster Amomi Cardamomi, Fructus
    Bai Jie Zi 白芥子 Brassica Seed Sinapis Albae, Semen
    Ban Xia 半夏 Pinellia Pinelliae Ternatae, Rhizoma
    Bi Jie 萆薢 Tokoro Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae, Rhizoma
    Bing Lang Zi 槟榔 Areca Seed, , Betel Nut Arecae Catechu, Semen
    Bo He 薄荷 Mentha Menthae Haplocalycis, Herba
    Bu Gu Zhi 补骨脂 Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit Psoraleae Corylifoliae, Fructus
    Chen Xiang 沉香 Aquilaria Aquilariae Resinatum, Lignum
    Chuan Jiao, Hua Jiao 川椒, 花椒 Zanthoxylum Zanthoxyli Bungeani, Fructus
    Da Huang 大黄 Rhubarb Rhei, Radix et Rhizoma
    Dai Zhe Shi 代赭石 Hematite Haematitum
    Dan Dou Chi 淡豆豉, 香豉 Sojabean Prepared Sojae Praeparatum, Semen
    Ding Xiang 丁香 Clove Caryophylli, Flos
    Fu Shen 茯神 Poriae Cocos P. S. Poriae Cocos Pararadicis, Sclerotium
    Fu Zi 附子 Aconite Prepared Aconiti Lateralis Praeparata, Radix
    Gou Teng 钩藤 Gambir Uncariae cum Uncis, Ramulus
    He Shou Wu 荷首乌 Polygoni Multiflori Polygoni Multiflori, Radix
    Hong Hua 红花 Carthamus Carthami Tinctorii, Flos
    Hu Po 琥珀 Succinum, Amber Succinum
    Huo Xiang 霍香 Agastache Agastaches seu Pogostemi, Herba
    Jie Geng 桔梗 Platycodon Platycodi Grandiflori, Radix
    Jin Ying Zi 金樱子 Rosa Fruit Rosae Laevigatae, Fructus
    Lian Qiao 连翘 Forsythia Fruit Forsythiae Suspensae, Fructus
    Lu Dou 绿豆 Green Beans Phaseoli Radiati, Semen
    Mai Ya 麦芽 Malt Hordei Germinatus, Fructus
    Mu Gua 木瓜 Chaenomelis Chaenomelis Lagenariae, Fructus
    Pi Pa Ye 枇杷叶 Eriobotrya Leaf Eriobotryae Folium
    Qian Hu 前胡 Peucedanum Peucedani, Radix
    Qian Niu Zi 牵牛子 Pharbitis Seed Pharbitidis, Semen
    Qing Pi 青皮 Blue Citrus Citri Reticulatae Viride, Pericarpium
    Ren Dong Teng 忍冬藤 Honeysuckle Stem Lonicerae Caulis, Herba
    Rou Dou Kou 肉豆蔻 Nutmeg Myristicae Fragrantis, Semen
    Shan Zha 山楂 Hawthorn Fruit Crataegi, Fructus
    Tao Ren 桃仁 Persica, Peach Seed Pruni Persicae, Semen
    Ting Li Zi 葶苈子 Lepidium Lepidii seu Descurainiae, Semen
    Tu Fu Ling 土茯苓 Smilax Smilacis Glabrae, Rhizoma
    Wu Ling Zhi 五灵脂 Pteropus Pteromi seu Trogopteri, Excrementum
    Wu Yao 乌药 Lindera Root Linderae Strychnifoliae, Radix
    Xia Ku Cao 夏枯草 Prunella Prunellae Vulgaris, Spica
    Xiang Fu 香附 Cyperus Cyperi Rotundi, Rhizoma
    Xiang Ru 香薷 Elsholtzia Elsholtziae seu Moslae, Herba
    Xiao Hui Xiang 小茴香 Fennel Seed, Fennel Fruit Foeniculi Vulgaris, Fructus
    Xiao Mai 小麦 Wheat Triciti Aestivi Levis, Semen
    Xuan Fu Hua 旋覆花 Inula Flower Inulae, Flos
    Yan Hu Suo 延胡索 Corydalis Corydalis, Rhizoma
    Yi Tang 饴糖 Maltose Saccharum Granorum
    Yu Jin 郁金 Curcuma Curcuma aromaitica Salisb, Radix
    Zhu Ru 竹茹 Bamboo Shavings Bambusae in Taeniis, Caulis

Herb classification in modern times

  • herbs categorized according to effects and applications
  • herbs categorized according to the part of a plant
  • herbs categorized according to active ingredient

Herb classification according to TCM disorder patterns

This is most practical and useful categorizing method: herbs are  classified into 33 categories according to thermal efficiency, energy properties and TCM disease patterns, this method is still mainly used in clinical practice in China. Below you can click a herb category title to show/hidden single herbs in that category table:

1. Herbs that relieves external wind cold symptoms
Bai Zhi Angelica Angelicae Dahuricae,     Radix pungent,   warm; affinity to St.,   LI.,     Lu. meridians
Cong Bai Alluim Bulbus Allii Fistulosi,   Bulbus pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu.,   St. meridians
Dan Dou Chi Sojabean Prepared Sojae Praeparatum, Semen pungent,   sweet, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
E Bu Shi Cao Centipeda Herba Centipedae Minima, Herba pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu., LI. meridians
Fang Feng Siler Ledebouriellae Divaricatae,   Radix sweet,   pungent, warm; affinity to UB., Liv., Sp. meridians
Gao Ben Ligustici Sinensis Ligustici, Rhizoma et Radix pungent,   warm; affinity to UB. meridian
Gui Zhi Cinnamon Twig Cinnamomi Cassiae,   Ramulus pungent,   sweet, warm; affinity to H., Lu.,   UB. meridians
Jing Jie Schizonepeta Schizonepetae Tenuifoliae,   Herba seu Flos pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu., Liv. meridians
Jing Jie Sui Schizonepeta Spike Schizonepetae Spica pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu., Liv. meridians
Ma Huang Ephedra Ephedrae, Herba pungent,   slightly bitter, warm; affinity to Lu., UB. meridians.
Sheng Jiang Ginger Raw Zingiberis Officinalis Recens,   Rhizoma pungent,   slightly warm; affinity to Lu.,   Sp., St. meridians
Sheng Jiang Pi Ginger Peel Zingiberis Officinalis Recens,   Cortex et Rhizoma pungent,   cold; affinity to St., Kid. meridians
Xi Xin Asarum Asari, Herba cum Radice pungent,   warm; affinity to H., Lu., Kid. meridians
Xin Yi Magnolia Flower Magnoliae, Flos pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Zi Su Geng Perilla Stem Perillae, Caulis pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu., meridian
Zi Su Ye Perilla Leaves Perillae, Folium pungent,   warm; affinity to Lu., Sp. meridians


2. Herbs that relieves external wind heat symptoms

Bo He Mentha Menthae Haplocalycis, Herba pungent, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv. meridians
Chai Hu Bupleurum Bupleuri, Radix bitter, slightly pungent, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., GB. meridians
Chan Tui Cicada Cicadae, Periostracum sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv. meridians
Fu Ping Spirodela Lemna seu Spirodelae, Herba pungent, cold; affinity to Lu., UB. meridians
Ge Gen Pueraria, Kudzu Root Pueraria, Radix sweet, pungent, neutral; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Ju Hua Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemi Morifolii, Flos sweet, bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. meridians
Man Jing Zi Vitex Viticis, Fructus bitter, pungent, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., St., UB. meridians
Mu Zei Equisetum Equiseti Hiemalis, Herba sweet, bitter, neutral; affinity to Lu., Liv., GB. meridians
Niu Bang Zi Arctium Arctii Lappae, Fructus pungent, bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Sang Ye Muberry Leaf Mori Albae, Folium bitter, sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv. meridians
Sheng Ma Cimicifuga Cimicifugae, Rhizoma sweet, pungent, bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., Sp., St., LI. meridians


3. Herbs that clear heat and purge fire

Gou Qi Gen Lycium Root Lycii, Radix sweet, cold; affinity to Liv. Meridian
Gu Jing Cao Eriocaulis Eriocaulonis Buergeriani, Scapus pungent, sweet, slightly cold; affinity to Liv. & St. meridians
Jue Ming Zi Cassia Seed Cassiae, Semen sweet, bitter, salty, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Lu Gen Phragmites Root Phragmitis Communis, Rhizoma sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., St., Kid. meridians
Mi Meng Hua Buddleia Buddleiae Officinalis, Flos sweet, slightly cold; affinity to Liv. meridians
Qing Xiang Zi Celosia Seed Celosiae Argenteae, Semen bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Liv.meridians
San Qi Hua Ye, Tian Qi Hua Ye Pseudoginseng Flower & Leave Pseudoginseng, Flos & Folium sweet, cool; affinity to Liv. Meridian
Shi Gao Gypsum Gypsum Fibrosum pungent, sweet, very cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Tian Hua Fen Trichosathes Root Trichosanthis Kirilowii, Radix sweet, bitter, sour, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Xia Ku Cao Prunella Prunellae Vulgaris, Spica pungent, bitter, cold; affinity to Liv. meridians
Ya Zhi Cao Commelina Commelinae Herrba sweet, bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., St., SI. meridians
Zhi Mu Anemarrhena Anemarrhenae Asphodeloidis, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., St., Kid. meridians
Zhi Zi Gardenia Gardeniae Jasminoidis, Fructus bitter, cold; affinity to H., GB. Lu., SJ. meridians
Zhu Yang Yang Galium Aparine Galii Aparinis, Herba pungent, bitterr, cold; affinity to Liv., UB. meridians
Zhu Ye Phyllostachys nigra Phyllostachys nigra, Folium pungent, sweet, cold; affinity to H. Lu. meridians


4. Herbs that clear heat and eliminate detoxins

San Ya Ku Ramulus Evodiae Ramulus Evodiae Lepta Folium bitter, cold; affinity to Liv. meridian
Shan Ci Gu Cremastra Cremastra, Pseudobulbus sweet, slightly pungent, cold, slightly poisonous; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Shan Dou Gen Sophora Subprostrata Sophorae Tonckinensis, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to H., Lu., St. meridians
She Gan Belamcanda Belamcandae Chinensis, Rhizoma bitter, cold; affinity to Lu. meridian
Shi Da Gong Lao Mahonia Leaf Mahoniaea, Folium bitter, cold; affinity to Lu. Liv. meridians
Shi Jian Chuan Salvia Chinesis Benth Salviae Chinensis, Herba slightly bitter, neural; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Tian Kui Zi, Zi Bei Tian Kui Semiaquilegia Root Semiaquilegia, Radix sweet, bitter, cold; slightly poisonous; affinity to LU., Liv. meridians
Tu Fu Ling Smilax Smilacis Glabrae, Rhizoma sweet, bland, neutral; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Wu Long Cha Oolong Tea Camellia Sinensis, Folium, Fermentata Properties: bitter, sweet, cool; Channels Entered: Heart, Lung, Stomach, Small Intestine
Xi Gua Watermelon Citrullus vulgaris Schrad Properties: sweet, cold; Channels Entered: Heart, Stomach, Urinary Bladder
Xi Gua Pi watermelon peel Citrullus vulgaris Schrad, Pericarpium Properties: sweet, cold; Channels Entered: Heart, Stomach, Urinary Bladder
Xiang Si Cao Eupatorium Eupatorii Formasani, Herba neutral, cool; affinity to Lu., LI., UB meridians
Ya Dan Zi Brucea Bruceae, Fructus bitter, cold, little poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian
Yu Xing Cao Houttuynia Houttuyniae Cordatae, Herba pungent, slightly cold; affinity to Lu. meridians
Zao Xiu Paris Root Paradis, Rhizoma bitterr, cold; affinity to Liv. meridian
Zi Hua Di Ding Viola Violae cum Radice Yedoensitis, Herba bitter, pungent, cold; affinity to H. Liv. meridians
Zi Zhui Ju Echinacea Echinacea purpurea bitter, pungent, cold; affinity to Liv. meridians


5. Herbs that clear heat and cool the blood

Bai Mao Gen Imperata Imperatae Cylindricae, Rhizoma sweet, cold; affinity to H., Lu., St., UB. meridians
Bai Wei Cynanchum Cynanchi Atrati, Radix bitter, salty, cold; affinity to St., Liv. meridians
Chi Shao Peony Red Paeoniae Rubrae, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to Liv. meridians
Chu Shi Zi Papermulberry Furit Broussonetiae, Fructus fruit: sweet, cold; leaf: sweet, cool; affinity to Liv. & Kid. meridians
Di Gu Pi Lycium Root Bark Lycii Radicis, Cortex sweet, slightly bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. meridians
Lian Zi Xin Lotus Embryo Nelumbinis Nuciferae, Plumula bitter, cold; affinity to H.meridian
Mu Dan Pi Moutan Moutan Radicis, Cortex pungent, bitter, cool; affinity to H., Liv., Kid. meridians
Sheng Di Huang Rehmannia Raw Rehmanniae Glutinosae, Radix sweet, bitter, very cold; affinity to H., Liv., Kid. meridians
Tu Da Huang Rumex Japonicus Hout Rumex Japonicus Houtt. bitter, sour, cold; affinity to Liv., LI. meridians
Xi Jiao Cornu Rhinoceri Rhinoceri, Cornu bitter, sour, salty, cold; affinity to H., Liv., St. meridians
Yin Chai Hu Stellaria Root Stellariae Dichotomiae, Radix sweet, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Zi Cao Lithospermum Lithospermi seu Arnebiae, Radix cold, salty; affinity to H. and Liv. meridians


6. Herbs that clear heat and drain damp-heat

Bai Xian Pi Dictamnus Dictamni Dasycarpi Radicis, Cortex bitter, cold; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Hu Huang Lian Picrorrhiza Picrorhizae, Rhizoma bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., St., LI. meridians
Huang Bo Phellodendron Phellodendri, Cortex bitter, cold; affinity to Kid., UB. meridians
Huang Lian Coptis Coptidis, Rhizoma bitter, very cold; affinity to H., Sp., St., Liv., GB., LI. meridians
Huang Qin Scute Scutellariae Baicalensis, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., LI., SI., Sp., GB. meridians
Ku Shen Sophora Sophorae Flavescentis, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to H., Sp., Kid. meridians
Long Dan Cao Gentiana Gentianae Longdancao, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., GB., UB. meridians
Ma Wei Lian Talictrum Root Talictrum Ramusum Boivin Rhizoma bitter, cold; affinity to H., Lu., LI. meridians
Mu Tou Hui Patrinia Patriniae Radix bitter, astringent, slightly sour, cool; affinity to Liv. meridians
Qin Pi Fraxinus Fraxini, Cortex bitter, astringent, cold; affinity to Liv., GB., LI. meridians


7. Herbs that transform cold phlegm

Bai Fu Zi Typhonium Typhonii Gigantei, Rhizoma seu Aconiti Coreani, Radix pungent, sweet, very warm, toxic; affinity to Liv., Sp., St. meridians
Bai Jie Zi Brassica, Semen Sinapis Albae Sinapis Albae, Semen pungent, warm; affinity to Lu. & St. meridian
Ban Xia Pinellia Pinelliae Ternatae, Rhizoma pungent, warm, poisonous; affinity to Sp., St., Lu. meridians
Dan Nan Xing Arisaema Pulvis Arisaematis Rhizoma Cum Bile bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., Sp. meridians
Tian Nan Xing Arisaema Arisaematis, Rhizoma bitter, pungent, poisonous; affinity to Lu., Liv., Sp. meridians
Zao Jiao Gleditsia Fructus Gleditsiae Sinensis, Fructus pungent, salty, warm, slightly poisonous; affinity to Lu., LI. meridians


8. Herbs that transform heat phlegm

Bei Mu Fritillaria Fritillariae Cirrhosae, Bulbus bitter, sweet, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., H. meridians
Fu Hai Shi Pumice Pumice salty, cold; affinity to Lu. meridian
Gua Lou Trichosanthes Fruit Trichosanthis, Fructus sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., St., LI. meridians
Gua Lou Ren Trichosanthes Seed Trichosanthis, Semen sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., St., LI. meridians
Hai Ge Ke Cyclina, Clam Shell Cyclinae Sinensis, Concha salty, cold; affinity to Lu., Kid. meridians
Hai Zao Sargassum Sargassii, Herba bitter, salty, cold; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Kun Bu Laminaria, Kelp, Tangle Laminariae seu Eckloniae, Thallus salty, cold; affinity to Liv., St., Kid. meridians
Luo Han Guo Momordica Fruit, Grosvenor Momordica Fruit Momordicae Grosvenori, Fructus sweet, cool; affinity to Lu., LI. Meridians
Meng Shi Lapis, Lapis Chloriti Lapis Chloriti seu Micae Aureus salty, neutral; affinity to lung and stomach meridians
Mu Hu Die Semen Oroxyli Indici Oroxyli Indici, Semen bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., St. meridian
Pang Da Hai Boat-fruited Sterculia Seed
Seed
Sterculiae Lychnophorae Semen sweet, cold; affinity to Lu. & LI. meridians
Sang Bai Pi Mulberry Bark Mori Albae Radicis, Cortex sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Tian Zhu Huang Bamboo Silicea, Tabasheer Silicea Bambusae Textillis, Concretio sweet, cold; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Ting Li Zi Lepidium Lepidii seu Descurainiae, Semen pungent, bitter, very cold; affinity to Lu., UB., LI. meridians
Wa Leng Zi Arca Shell Arcae, Concha salty, neutral; affinity to Liv., St., Lu. Meridians
Zhe Bei Mu Fritillaria Thunbergii, Thunbergy Fritillary Bulb Fritillaria Thunbergii bitter, cold; affinity to H., Lu. Meridians
Zhu Li You Phyllostachys nigra Oil Succus Bambosae sweet, very cold; affinity to to H., Lu., and St. meridians
Zhu Ru Bamboo Shavings Bambusae in Taeniis, Caulis sweet, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., St., GB. meridians


9. Herbs that relieve cough and asthma

Bai Bu Stemona Root Stemonae, Radix sweet, bitter, slight warm; affinity to Lu. meridian
Bai Qian Cynanchii Stautoni Cynanchi Stauntonii, Radix et Rhizoma bitter, pungent, slightly warm; affinity to Lu. meridian
Jie Geng Platycodon Platycodi Grandiflori, Radix pungent, bitter, neutral; affinity to Lu. meridian
Kuan Dong Hua Tussilago Tussilaginis Farfarae, Flos pungent, warm; affinity to Lu. meridian
Ma Dou Ling Aristolochia Fruit Fructus Aristolochiae bitter, slightly pungent, cold; affinity to Lu., LI. meridians
Pi Pa Ye Eriobotrya Leaf Eriobotryae Folium bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Qian Hu Peucedanum Peucedani, Radix bitter, pungent, slightly cold; affinity to Lu. meridians
Xing Ren Apricot Seed Pruni Armeniacae, Semen bitter, warm, slightly poisonous; affinity to Lu., LI. meridians
Xuan Fu Hua Inula Flower Inulae, Flos bitter, pungent, salty, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., St., LI. meridians; descending
Yang Jin Hua Datura Flower Daturae, Flos pungent, warm, poisonous; affinity to Lu. meridian
Yun Xiang Cao Lemongrass Cymbopogonis Herba pungent, bitter, warm
Zhong Ru Shi Stalactitum Stalactitum sweet, warm; affinity to Lu., Kid., St. meridians
Zi Su Zi Perilla Seed Perillae, Fructus pungent, warm; affinity to Lu. meridian
Zi Wan Aster Asteris Tatarici, Radix pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Lu. meridian


10. Herbs that clear summer heat

Qing Hao Sweet Wormwood Artemisiae Annuae, Herba bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., GB. meridians
Xiang Ru Elsholtzia Elsholtziae seu Moslae, Herba pungent, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., Sp., St. meridians


11. Herbs that warm the interior

Ai Ye Artemisia Argyi, Argy Wormwood Leaf Artemisiae Argyi, Folium pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to liv., Sp., Kid. Meridians
Bi Bo Long Pepper Piperis Longi Fruc6Ks pungent, hot; affinity to St., LI. meridians
Bi Cheng Qie Litsea Litsea Cubeba, Fructus acrid, warm; affinity to Sp., St., Kid., UB. Meridians
Cao Wu Tou Aconite Tsaowu, Kusnezoff Monks Aconiti Kusnezoffii, Radix pungent, bitterr, hot, very poisonous; affinity to H., Liv., Sp., Kid. meridians
Chuan Jiao, Hua Jiao Zanthoxylum Zanthoxyli Bungeani, Fructus pungent, hot, poisonous; affinity to Sp., Lu., Kid. meridians
Da Hui Xiang Star Anise Fruit Anisi Stellati, Fructus acrid, sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid., Sp. Meridians
Ding Xiang Clove Caryophylli, Flos pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., St., Lu., Kid. meridians
Fu Zi Aconite, Prepared Daughter Root of Common Monks’ Hood Aconiti Lateralis Praeparata, Radix pungent, sweet, hot, poisonous; affinity to H., Sp., Kid. meridians
Gan Jiang Ginger Dry Zingiberis Officinalis, Rhizoma pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., St. H., Lu. meridians
Gao Liang Jiang Galanga, alpinia, lesser galangal rhizome Alpiniae Officinarum, Rhizoma pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Pao Jiang Ginger Quick-fried Zingiberis Officinalis, Rhizoma
Rou Gui Cinnamon Bark Cinnamomi Cassiae, Cortex pungent, sweet, hot; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Wu Tou Aconite Wutou, Sichuan Aconite, Mother Root of Common monks’ Hood Aconiti Carmichaeli, Radix pungent, bitterr, hot, very poisonous; affinity to H., Liv., Sp., Kid. meridians
Wu Zhu Yu Evodia, Medicinal Evodia Fruit Evodiae Rutaecarpae, Fructus pungent, bitter, hot, slightly toxic; affinity to Liv, Sp., Kid. Meridians
Xiao Hui Xiang Fennel Seed, Fennel Fruit Foeniculi Vulgaris, Fructus pungent, aromatic, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid., Sp., St. meridians
Zhi Fu Zi Aconite P. Aconiti Carmichaeli Praeparata, Radix pungent, sweet, hot, poisonous; affinity to H., Sp., Kid. meridians


12. Herbs that expel wind and dampness

Ba Jiao Feng Alangi Root Alangium Chinense, radix neutral, pungent; toxic
Bai Hua She Agkistrodon Acutus Bungarus Multicinctus sweet, salty, warm, poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian
Ban Feng He Pterospermum Pterospermi Heterophylli, Radix sweet, warm; affinity to Liv. meridian
Can Sha Bombyx Bombyx Excrementum sweet, pungent, warm, affinity to Liv., Sp., St. meridians
Cang Er Zi Xanthium Xanthii Sibirici, Fructus sweet, bitter, warm, slightly poisonous; affinity to Lu. meridian
Chou Wu Tong Clerodendrum Clerodendri, Folium pungent, bitter, sweet, cold; affinity to Liv., Sp. meridians
Chuan Shan Long Dioscoreae Nipponica Dioscorea Nipponicae, Rhizoma bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv. meridian
Du Huo Angelica Pubescentis Angelica Pubescentis, Radix pungent, bitter, slightly warm; affinity to Kid. meridian
Fang Ji Stephania Stephaniae Tetrandrae, Radix very bitter, pungent, cold; affinity to UB. Sp., Kid. meridians
Hai Feng Teng Piperis Piperis Futokadsurae, Caulis pungent, bitter, slightly warm; affinity to Liv., K. meridians
Hai Fu Rong Limonium Piper wallichii (Miq.), Caulis acrid, bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., and Kid. Meridians
Hai Tong Pi Erythrina Erythrinae, Cortex bitter, pungent, neutral; affinity to Liv., K., Sp. meridians
Hong Gu She Kadsura Kadsura Japonicae, Radix acrid, bitter, cool; affinityto Lu., Liv., St. meridians
Hu Zhang Giant Knotweed Polygoni Cuspidati, Rhizoma pungent, sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Huang Jin Gui, Ci Ge Zi, Xiang Gang Vanieria Vanieriae, Caulis bland, cool; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Lao Guan Cao Erodium, Geranium, Common Heron’s Bill Herb Erodii seu Geranii, Herba acrid, bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv., LI. Meridians
Lei Gong Teng Tripterygium Tripterygium Wilfordii, Caulis bitter, pungent, cool, affinity to UB., Liv., Kid. Meridians
Liu Zhi Huang, Yi Zhi Huang Hua, Huang Hua Cao Solidago, Common Goldenrod Herb Solidaginis, Herba bitter, sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. Meridians
Lu Han Cao Pyrola Pyrolae, Herba sweet, bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Lu Lu Tong Liquidambar Liquidambaris Taiwanianae, Fructus bitter, neutral; affinity to 12 meridians
Luo Shi Teng Trachelospermum Trachelospermi, Cauli bitter, slightly cold; affinity to H., Liv., Kid. meridians
Ma An Teng Beach Morning Glory Ipomoea pres-caprae, Herba acrid, bitter, neutral, affinity to Kid., Liv., LI. Meridians
Qiang Huo Notopterygium Notopterygii, Rhizoma et Radix pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to UB., Liv., Kid. meridians
Qin Jiao Gentianae Macrophyllae Gentianae Macrophyllae, Radix bitter, pungent, neutral; affinity to Liv., St., GB. meridians
Qing Feng Teng Sinomenum Sinomenii Acuti, Rhizoma pungent, bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv., Sp. meridians
Sang Ji Sheng Loranthus Loranthi, Ramulus bitter, sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid. p289
Sang Zhi Mulberry Twig Mori Albae, Ramulus bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv. meridian
Shen Jin Cao Herba Licopodium Lycopodii, Herba slightly bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to Liv. meridian
Shi Nan Teng Piper vine Ramulus Piper acrid, warm; affinity to Liv., Lu., Kid. Meridians
Si Gua Luo Luffa Fiber, Luffa Vegetable Sponge Luffae Fasciculus Vascularis sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., St., Liv. Meridians
Song Jie Pine Nodular Branch Pini Nodi, Lignum bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Tou Gu Cao Speranskia Speranskiae Tuberculate Herba pungent, warm; affinity to Liv., Lu. meridians
Wei Ling Xian Clematis Clematidis, Radix pungent, salty, warm; affinity to 12 meridians
Wu Jia Pi Acanthopanax Acanthopanacis Cortex pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., K. meridians
Wu Shao She Zaocys Zaocys Dhumnades sweet, neutral, no poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian
Xi Xian Cao Siegesbechia Siegesbeckiae, Herba pungent, bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridian
Xia Tian Wu Decumbent Corydalis, Rhizome Corydalis Decumbentis, Rhizoma acrid, bitter, warm; affinity to Liv. Meridian
Xu Chang Qing Swallowwort Root Cynanchi Paniculati, Radix pungent, neutral; affinity to Liv. Lu. meridians
Ye Hai Tang Bredia Amoena Bredia Amoena, Fructus bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv. meridian
Yi Tiao Gen Moghania Moghaniae, Radix acrid, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Zuan Di Feng Schizophragma Schizophragma, Cortex et Rhizoma bitter, astringent, neutral; affinity to Liv. and Sp. meridianspungent, bland, cool; affinity to Liv. meridians


13. Herbs that removes food stagnation

Gu Ya Oryza Germinatus Oryzae Sativae Germinantus, Fructus sweet, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Hong Qu Red Yeast Rice Monascus purpureus sweet, acrid, warm; affinity to Sp., Liv., LI. Meridians
Ji Nei Jin Gallus, Chicken Gizzard Corneum Galli, Endothelium sweet, slightly cold; affinity to Sp., St., UB. meridians
Lai Fu Zi Raphanus Raphani Sativi, Semen pungent, sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., Sp. meridians
Mai Ya Malt Hordei Germinatus, Fructus sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Shan Zha Crataegus, Hawthorn Berry, Hawthorn Fruit Crataegi, Fructus sour, sweet, slightly warm; affinity to Sp., St., Liv. meridians
Shen Qu Massa Fermentata Massa Medica Fermentata pungent, sweet, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians


14. Herbs that expel parasites

Bing Lang Zi Areca Seed, , Betel Nut Arecae Catechu, Semen bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to St., LI. meridians
Guan Zhong Dryopteris Root Dryopteris, Rhizoma bitter, slightly cold; slightly toxic; affinity to Liv., , Sp. Meridians
He Cao Ya Agrimonia, Hairy-vein Agrimonia Bud Agrimoniae, Gemma bitter, astringent, cool; affinity to Liv., SI., LI. Meridians
He Shi Carpesium Fruit Carpesii, Fructus bitter, acrid, neutral; slightly toxic; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Juan Bo Selaginella Selaginellae Involvens, Herba pungent, neutral; affinity to Liv. Meridian
Ku Lian Pi Melia Bark Meliae Radicis, Radix bitter, cold, poisonous; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Lei Wan Omphalia Omphaliae Lapidescens, Sclerotium bitter, cold; affinity to St., LI. meridians
Nan Gua Zi Pumpkin Seed, Cushaw Seed Cucurbiae Moschatae, Semen sweet, warm; affinity to St., LI. meridians
Shi Jun Zi Quisqualis, Rangoon Creeper Fruit Quisqualis Indicae, Fructus sweet, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Shi Liu Gen Pi Pericarpium Pericarpium Granati, Radix sour, astringent, warm; affinity to Liv., St., LI. meridians
Tu Mu Xiang Inula Root Inulae, Radix bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., Sp., St. meridians
Wu Yi Ulmus Ulmi, Fructus acrid, bitter, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Xiao Guo Qiang Wei, Xiao Jin Ying Rosa Cymosa, Small Fruit Rose Rosae Cymosae, Fructus bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv. Meridian
Zi Mo Li Mirabilis Mirabilidis, Rhizoma sweet, bitter, astringent; affinity to Lu., St., UB. Meridians
Zong Lu Pi Trachycarpus Stiple Fiber Trachycarpi, Fibra Stipulae bitter, sour, neutral; affinity to Liv., Lu., LI. Meridians


15. Herbs that expel phlegm by inducing vomiting

Chang Shan Dichora Dichroae Febrifugae, Radix bitter, pungent, cold, little poison; affinity to Lu., Liv., H. meridians
Gua Di Muskmelon Pedicle Cucumis Melo, Calyx bitter, cold, slightly poisonous; affinity to St. meridian
Li Lu Veratrum Veratrum, Rhizoma acrid, bitter, cold; toxic; affinity to Lu., Liv., St. Meridians


16. Downward draining herbs - purgatives

Da Huang Rhubarb Rhei, Radix et Rhizoma bitter, cold; affinity to Sp., St., LI. meridians
Fan Xie Ye Senna Sennae, Folium sweet, bitter, cold; affinity to LI. meridian
Lu Hui Aloe Aloes, Herba bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., H., St., LI. meridians LSZ. p343
Mang Xiao Mirabilitum Mirabilitum salty, cold; affinity to St., LI., SJ. meridians


17. Downward draining herbs - moist laxatives

Feng Mi Honey Mel sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., Sp., LI., meridians
Huo Ma Ren Linum Cannabis Sativae, Semen sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., St., LI. meridians
Yu Li Ren Plum Seed Pruni, Semen pungent, bitter, sweet, neutral, affinity to Sp., LI., SI.


18. Downward draining herbs - harsh expellants

Ba Dou Croton Seed Crotonis, Semen pungent, hot, very toxic; affinity to St., LI. LSZ. p360
Da Ji Euphorbia Euphorbiae Pekinensis Radix bitter, pungent, cold, poisonous; affinity to Lu., Kid., LI. meridians
Gan Sui Euphorbia Kansui Euphorbiae Kansui, Radix bitter, cold, poisonous; affinity to Lu., Sp., Kid. meridians
Qian Jin Zi Euphorbia L. Seed Euphorbia L., Semen pungent, warm; poisonous; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Qian Niu Zi Pharbitis Seed Pharbitidis, Semen bitter, cold, poisonous; affinity to liv., kid. and LI. meridians
Shang Lu Phytolacca Phytolaccae, Radix bitter, cold, toxic; affinity to Lu., Sp., Kid. meridians
Yuan Hua Genkwa Flower Genkwa, Flos bitter, cold, poisonous; affinity to Lu., Sp., Kid. meridians


19. Herbs that aromatically transform dampness

Bai Dou Kou Cluster Amomi Cardamomi, Fructus pungent, warm; affinity to Lu., Sp., St. meridians
Cang Zhu Atractylodes Red Atractylodes Lancea, Rhizoma pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Sp. meridian
Cao Dou Kou Alpiniae Katsumadai Alpiniae Katsumadai, Semen pungent, aromatic, warm; affinity to Sp., St., meridians
Cao Guo Amomi Fruit Amomi Tsao-Ko, Fructus pungent, warm, affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Huo Xiang Agastache Agastaches seu Pogostemi, Herba pungent, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., Sp., St. meridians
Pei Lan Eupatorium Eupatorii Herba pungent, neutral; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Sha Ren Cardamon Amomi, Fructus seu Semen pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., St., Kid. meridians


20. Herbs that drain dampness & remove fluid retention

Bai Long Chuan Hua Tou Clerodendron, scarlet glory bower Clerodendron Paniculatum, Radix slightly bitter, warm in nature; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. Meridians
Bi Jie Tokoro Dioscoreae Hypoglaucae, Rhizoma bitter, neutral; affinity to Kid., St. meridians
Bi Zi Cao crinite pogonatherum Pogonantheri Criniti, Herba sweet, cool; affinity to Kid., UB. Meridians
Bian Xu Common knotgrass herb Polygoni Avicularis, Herba bitter, neutral; affinity to St. UB. meridians
Che Qian Cao Plantain Herb Plantaginis, Herba sweet, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. & Sp. meridians
Che Qian Zi Plantago Seed Plantaginis, Semen sweet, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid., SI., Lu. meridians
Chi Fu Ling Hoelen Red Poriae Cocos Rubrae, Sclerotium sweet, bland, slightly cool; affinity to H., Sp., St., Lu., Kid.
Chi Xiao Dou Phaseolus, Rice Bean, Adsuki bean Phaseoli Calcarati, Semen sweet, slight cold; affinity to Liv., SI. meridians
Dan Zhu Ye Lophathera Lophatheri Gracilis, Herba sweet, bland, slightly cold; affinity to H., SI. meridians
Deng Xin Cao Juncus Junci Effusi, Medulla sweet, bland, slightly cold; affinity to H., Lu., SI. meridians
Di Fu Zi Kochia, belvedere fruit, broom cypress Kochiae Scopariae, Fructus pungent, bitter, cold; affinity to Kid., UB. meridians
Ding Shu Xiu elephantopi Elephantopus Scaber, Herba sweet, bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid., LI. Meridians
Dong Gua Pi Benincasa, Chinese wax gourd peel Benincasae, Pericarpium sweat, slghtly cold; affinite to Lu., SI. meridians
Dong Gua Zi Benincasa Seed Benincasae Hispidae, Semen sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., St., LI., SI. meridians
Dong Kui Zi Malva Seed Malvae Verticillatae, Semen sweet, cold; affinity to LI., SI., UB. meridians
Fu Ling Pi Hoelen Bark Poriae Cocos, Cortex sweet, bland, neutral; affinity to H., Sp., St., Lu., Kid.
Fu Ling, Yun Ling Hoelen, poria, indian bread, tuckahoe Poriae Cocos, Sclerotium sweet, bland, neutral; affinity to H., Sp., St., Lu., Kid.
Guan Mu Tong aristolochia stem, Manchurian dutchman’s pipe stem Aristolochiae Manshuriensis, Caulis bitter, cold; toxic; affinity to UB., H., SI meridians
Hai Jin Sha Spora Lygodii Lygodii, Spora sweet, salty, cold; affinity to UB., SI. meridians
Hua Shi Talc Talcum sweet, cold; affinity to UB., Lu., St. meridians
Ji Gu Cao Abrus precatorius Abrus precatorius Herba sweet, bland, cool; affinity to Kid. & UB. meridians
Jin Qian Cao Lysimachia Lysimachiae, Herba sweet, salty, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., GB., Kid., UB. meridians
Ma Ti Jin Dichondra Dichondrae, Herba bitter, acrid, cool; affinity to Liv., Lu. Meridians
Mao Gu Xiao Hyptis Hyptis Capitatae, Caulis bland, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Mu Tong clematis, armand clematis stem, anemone clematis stem Clematidis Armandii, Caulis bitter, cold; affinity to H., SI. meridians
Qu Mai Dianthus, lilac pink, Chinese pink, rainbow pink Dianthi, Herba bitter, cold; affinity to H., SI. meridians
Shan Pu Tao Viticis Vitis Amurensis, Radix sweet, cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. Meridians
Shi Wei Pyrrosia, Shearer’s Pyrrosia Leaf Pyrrosiae, Folium sweet, bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., UB.meridians
Shui Ding Xiang Ludwigia, Climbing seed box Ludwigiae, Herba sweet, bland, very cold; affinity to Kid., UB. Meridians
Tong Cao Tetrapanax, rice paper plant pith Tetrapanacis Papyriferi, Medulla sweet, bland, cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Xian Feng Cao Bidens Bidentis, Herba bland, cold; affinity to Kid., SI., UB. Meridians
Yi Yi Ren Coix Coicis Lachryma-Jobi, Semen sweet, bland, slightly cold; affinity to Sp., St., Lu. meridians
Yin Chen Hao Capillaris, Capillary Wormwood Artemisiae Capillaris, Herba bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Sp., St., Liv., GB. meridians
Yu Mi Xu Corn Stigma, Corn Silk Stigma, Maydis sweet, bland, neutral; affinity to H., SI. Meridians
Ze Qi Sun Euphorbia Euphorbia helioscopia, Herba sweet, bitter, acrid, cool; toxic; affinity to LI., SI., Lu. Meridians
Ze Xie Alisma Alismatis Orientalis, Rhizoma sweet, bland, cold; affinity to Kid., UB. meridians
Zhu Ling Polyporus Polypori Umbellati, Sclerotium sweet, bland, neutral; affinity to Kid., UB. meridians


21. Herbs that tonify the Qi

Bai Bian Dou Dolichos Seed Dolichoris Lablab, Semen sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Bai Zhu Atractylodes White Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Rhizoma sweet, bitter, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Ci Wu Jia Acanthopanax Acanthopanacis Senticosi, Radix et Caulis pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Sp., Kid., H. meridians
Da Zao, Hong Zao Jujube Isatis seu Baphicacanti, Folium sweet, warm; affinity to Sp, St. meridians
Dang Shen Codonopsis Codonopsis Pilosulae, Radix sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., Lu. meridians
Dong Yang Shen Japanese Ginseng, Eastern Ginseng Ginseng Japonica sweet, slightly bitter, cool; affinity to Sp., Lu. Meridians
Gan Cao Licorice Glycyrrhizae Uralensis, Radix sweet, neutral; affinity to 12 meridians [mainly Sp., St. meridians
Huang Jing Polygonatum Offici Polygonati Officinalis, Rhizoma sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., Kid., Sp. meridians
Huang Qi Astragalus Astragali Membranacei, Radix sweet, warm; affinity to Sp., Lu. meridians
Ji Zi Huang Egg Yolk Egg Yolk (chicken) sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Kid., Sp. meridians
Ren Shen Ginseng Ginseng, Radix sweet, slight bitter, slightly warm; affinity to Lu., Sp. meridians
Shan Yao Dioscorea Dioscoreae oppositae, Radix sweet, neutral; affinity to Sp., Lu., K. meridians
Tai Zi Shen Pseudostellaria Pseudostellariae Heterophyllae, Radix sweet, slightly bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Sp., Lu. meridians
Xi Yang Shen American Ginseng Panacis Quinque Folii, Radix bitter, slight sweet, cold; affinity to H., Lu., Kid. meridians
Yi Tang Maltose Saccharum Granorum sweet, warm; affinity to Sp., St., Lu. meridians


22. Herbs that tonify the blood

Bai Shao Peony White Paeoniae Lactiflorae, Radix bitter, sour, slightly cold; affinity to Liv. & Sp. meridian
Dang Gui Angelicae Sinensis Angelicae Sinensis, Radix sweet, pungent, warm; affinity to H., Liv., Sp. meridians
Dang Gui Wei Angelica Sinensis Tail Angelicae Sinensis, Radix sweet, pungent, warm; affinity to H., Liv., Sp. meridians
E Jiao Gelatin Gelatinum Corii Asini sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. meridians
He Shou Wu Polygoni Multiflori Polygoni Multiflori, Radix bitter, sweet, astringent, slightly warm; affinity to Liv. & Kid. meridians
Ji Xue Teng Milletia Milletiae Reticulatae, Caulis bitter, sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Long Yan Rou Longan Longanae, Arillus [Euphoriae, Fructus] sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Sang Shen Zi Mulberry Mori, Fructus sweet, cold; affinity to Liv. and Kid. meridians
Shu Di Huang Rehmannia P. Rehmanniae Glutinosae Praeparata, Radix sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Zao Fan Melanterite Melanteritum sweet, astringent; cool; slightly toxic; affinity to Liv. & Sp. Meridians


23. Herbs that tonify the Yin

Bai He Lily Lilii, Bulbus sweet, bland, slightly bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., H. meridians
Bai Mu Er Tremella Tremella fuciformis Berk sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., St., Kid. meridians
Bei Sha Shen Glehnia Glehniae, Radix sweet, bland, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Bie Jia Tortoise Shell Amydae Sinensis, Carapax salty, cold; affinity to Liv. meridian
Gou Qi Zi Lycium Fructus Lycii Chinensis, Fructus sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid., Lu. meridians
Gui Ban Turtle Shell Plastrum Testudinis salty, sweet, cold; affinity to K. & H. meridians
Han Lian Cao Eclipta Ecliptae Prostratae, Herba sweet, sour, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Hu Ma Ren Sesame Sesami Indici, Semen sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv. and Kid. meridian
Mai Men Dong Ophiopogon Ophiopogonis Japonici, Tuber sweet, slight bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., St., and H. meridians
Nan Sha Shen Adenophora Adenophorae Radix sweet, slightly bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Nu Zhen Zi Ligustrum Ligustri Lucidi Fructus sweet, bitter, cool; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Shi Hu Dendrobium Dendrobii, Caulis sweet, slightly cold; affinity to St., Kid. meridians
Tian Men Dong Asparagus Asparagi Cochinchinensis, Tuber sweet, bitter, cold; affinity to Lu., Kid. meridians
Xuan Shen Scrophularia Scrophulariae Ningpoensis, Radix sweet, bitter, salty, cold; affinity to kid., Lu., St. meridians
Yu Zhu Polygonatum Odorati Polygonati Odorati, Rhizoma swwet, neutral; affinity to Lu., St. meridians
Zhi Ju Zi Hovenia, Trifoliate Orange Root Bark Hoveniae, Semen seu Fructus sweet, neutral; affinity to St. Meridian


24. Herbs that tonify the Yang

Ba Ji Tian Morinda Morindae Officinalis, Radix pungent, sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Bu Gu Zhi Malaytea Scurfpea Fruit Psoraleae Corylifoliae, Fructus bitter, pungent, very warm; affinity to Kid., Sp. meridians
Dong Chong Xia Cao Cordyceps Cordyceps Sinensis, Sclerotium sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., Kid. meridians
Du Zhong Eucommia Eucommiae Ulmoidis, Cortex sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Ge Jie Gecko Gecko salty, neutral; affinity to Lu., Kid.meridinas
Gou Ji Cibotium Cibotii Barometz, Rhizoma bitter, sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Gu Sui Bu Drynaria Drynariae seu Davillae, Rhizoma bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., K., H. meridians
Hai Ma Hippocampus Hippocampus sweet, salty, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Hai Shen Sea Cucumber, Sea Slug, Trepang Strichopus Japonicus sweet, salty, warm; affinity to H., Kid. Meridians
Hu Lu Ba Fenugreek Seed Trigonellae Foeni-graeci, Semen bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Hu Tao Ren Walnut Juglandis Regiae, Semen sweet, warm; affinity to Kid., Lu. meridians
Jiu Cai Zi, Jiu Zi Tuber Onion Seed Allii Tuberosi, Semen pungent, sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Jiu Xiang Chong Aspongopus Sinensis Aspongopus Chinensis salty, warm; affinity to liv., Sp., Kid. meridians
Lu Jiao Ossfied Deer Horn Cornu Vervi salty, warm; affinity to Kid., Liv. Meridians
Lu Jiao Jiao Deer Antler Glue Colla Cornus Cervi sweet, slightly warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Lu Jiao Shuang Colla Cervis Parvi Cervi Degelatinatum, Cornu salty, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Lu Rong Pilose Deer Antler Cornu Cervi Parvum; pantocrinum sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Rou Cong Rong Cistanche Cistanches Deserticolae, Herba sweet, salty, warm; affinity to Kid., LI. meridians
Sha Yuan Ji Li Astragalus Seed Astragali Complanati, Semen sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
She Chuang Zi Cnidium Seed Cnidii Monnieri, Fructus pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Kid. meridian
Suo Yang Cynomorium Cynomorii Songarici, Herba sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Tu Si Zi Cuscuta Cuscutae Chinensis, Semen pungent, sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid., Sp. meridians
Xian Mao Curculigo Curculiginis Orchioidis, Rhizoma pungent, hot, poisonous; affinity to Kid. meridian
Xu Duan Dipsacus Dipsaci Asperi, Radix bitter, sweet, pungent, slightly warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Yang Qi Shi Actinolite Actinolitum salty, warm; affinity to kidney
Yi Zhi Ren Alpinia Fruit Alpiniae Oxyphyllae, Fructus pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., H., Kid. meridians
Ying Yang Huo Epimedium Epimedii, Herba pungent, sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Zi He Che Placenta Placenta Hominis sweet, salty, warm; affinity to Lu., Liv., Kid. meridians


25. Astringent herbs

Chi Shi Zhi Kaolin Halloysitum Rubrum sweet, sour, astringent, warm; affinity to LI., St. and Kid. meridians
Chun Gen Pi Ailanthus Bark Ailanthi, Cortex cold, better, astringent; affinity to LI., St., Liv. meridians
Fu Pen Zi Rubus Rubi Chingii, Fructus sweet, sour, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Fu Xiao Mai Wheat Immature Tritici Aestivi Levis, Semen sweet, cold; affinity to H. meridian
He Ye Lotus Leaf Nelumbinis Nuciferae, Folium astringent, neutral; affinity to Sp. and Kid. meridians
He Zi Terminallia Terminaliae Chebulae, Fructus bitter, sour, astringent, neutral; affinity to Lu., St., LI.
Hu Tui Zi Elaeagnus Fruit Elaeagni Fructus astringent; affinity to LI. meridian
Ji Guan Hua Celosia Flos Celosiae Cristatae, Flos sweet, astringent, cold; affinity to Liv. & LI. meiridians
Jin Ying Zi Rosa Fruit Rosae Laevigatae, Fructus sour, astringent, affinity to Kid., GB, meridians
Lian Xu Lotus Stamen Nelumbinis Nuciferae, Stamen sweet, astringent, neutral; affinity to H. and Kid. meridians
Lian Zi Lotus Seed Nelumbinis Nuciferae, Semen sweet, astringent, neutral; affinity to Sp., Kid., and H. meridians
Ma Huang Gen Ephedra Root Ephedrae, Radix sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu. meridian
Nu Dao Geng Oryza Glutinosa Oryza Glutinosae, Radix et Rhizoma sweet, neutral; affinity to H. and Liv. meridians
Qian Shi Euryale Euryales Ferocis, Semen sweet, astringent, neutral; affinity to Sp., Kid. meridians
Rou Dou Kou Nutmeg Myristicae Fragrantis, Semen sweet, warm, astringent; affinity to Sp., St., LI. meridians
Sang Piao Xiao Mantis Mantidis, Ootheca sweet, salty, neutral; liv. and Kid. meridians
Shan Zhu Yu Cornus Corni Officinalis, Fructus sweet, slour, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Shi Liu Pi Punicine Peel Granati, Pericarpium sour, astringent, warm; affinity to Liv., St., and LI. meridians
Wu Bei Zi Gall Galla Rhois Chinensis sour, astringent, cold; affinity to Lu., LI., Kid. meridians
Wu Mei Mume Pruni Mume, Fructus sour, astringent, neutral; affinity to Liv., Sp. and LI. meridians
Wu Wei Zi Schizandra Schisandrae Chinensis, Fructus sour, warm, astringent; affinity to Lu., H. and Kid. meridians
Yin Xing, Bai Guo Ginkgo Nut, Ginkgo Seed Ginkgo Bilobae, Semen sweet, bitter, astringent, neutral; bit poisonous; affinity to Lu. Meridian
Ying Su Ke Papaver Papaveris, Pericarpium sour, astringent, neutral; to Lu., Kid., LI. meridians
Yu Yu Liang Limonite Limonitum sweet, astringent, neutral; affinity to St. LI. meridians


26. Aromatic herbs that unblock the orifices

An Xi Xiang Benzonium Benzonium pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to H., Liv., Sp. meridians
Bing Pian Borneol Borneolum Syntheticum pungent, bitter, slightly cold; affinity to H., Lu., Sp. meridians
Niu Huang Calculus Bovis Calculus Bovis bitter, cold; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
She Xiang Musk Moschus, Secretio sour, pungent, warm; affinity to 12 meridians
Shi Chang Pu Acorus Acori Graminei, Rhizoma pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to H. and St. meridians
Su He Xiang Styrax Liquidis Styrax Liquidis sweet, pungent, warm; affinity to H., Sp. meridians


27. Herbs that sedate and calm the Shen

Hu Po Succinum, Amber Succinum sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Liv., Lu., UB.
Long Gu Dragon Bone Draconis, Os sweet, astringent, neutral; affinity to H., Liv., and Kid. meridians
Mu Li Oyster Shell Ostreae, Concha salty, astringent, slightly cold; affinity to Kid., Liv., GB. meridians
Zhen Zhu Pearl Margaritiferae Usta sweet, salty, cold; affinity to H. Liv. meridians
Zhen Zhu Mu Nacre Margaritiferae Usta, Concha salty, cold; affinity to H. and Liv. meridians
Zhu Sha Cinnabar Cinnabaris sweet, slightly cold, poisonous; affinity to H. LSZ. p528
Zi Shi Yin Fluoritum Fluoritum [Amethystum] sweet, warm; affinity to H., Liv. meridians


28. Herbs that nourish heart and calm the Shen

Bai Zi Ren Biota Seed Biotae Orientalis, Semen sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Sp., Liv., Kid. meridians
Fu Shen Poriae Cocos P. S. Poriae Cocos Pararadicis, Sclerotium sweet, bland, neutral; affinity to H., Sp., St., Lu., Kid.
He Huan Pi Albizia Bark, Silk Tree Albizia Bark Albizziae Julibrissin, Cortex sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Sp., Lu. meridians
Ling Zhi Ganoderma, Lucid Ganoderma, Reishi Mushroom Ganodermatus, Fructificatio sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., H., Sp. meridians
Suan Zao Ren Zizyphus, Spiny Date Seed Zizyphi Spinosae, Semen sweet, sour, neutral; affinity to Liv., GB., H. meridians
Xiao Mai Wheat Triciti Aestivi Levis, Semen sweet, slightly cold; affinity to H. meridian
Xie Cao Valerian Root Valerianae, Radix et Rhizoma bitter, sweet, neutral; affinity to H. And Liv. Meridians
Ye Jiao Teng Polygonum Vine Polygoni Multiflori, Caulis sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Yuan Zhi Polygala, Thin-leaf Milkwort Root Polygalae Tenuifoliae, Radix pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to H., Kid., Lu. meridians


29. Herbs that extinguish wind and relieve tremors

Bai Jiang Can Bombyx Bombyx Batryticatus salty, pungent, neutral; affinity to Lu., Liv. meridians
Dai Zhe Shi Hematite Haematitum bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
Di Long Lumbricus Lumbricus salty, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid., Lu. meridians
Gou Teng Gambir Uncariae cum Uncis, Ramulus sweet, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
Ling Yang Jiao Antilope Horn Cornu Antelopis salty, cold; affinity to Liv., H., Lu. meridians
Luo Bu Ma Ye Apoacynum Apocyni Veneti, Folium sweet, bitter, cool; affinity to heart and liver meridians
Quan Xie Scorpion Buthus Martensi [Scorpio] sweet, pungent, neutral, poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian
Shi Jue Ming Haliotis, Sea-ear Shell, Abalone Shell Haliotidis, Concha salty, cold; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Tian Ma Gastrodia Gastrodiae Elatae, Rhizoma sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv. meridian
Wu Gong Scolopendra Scolopendra Subspinipes pungent, warm, poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian


30. Herbs that regulate Qi flow

Ba Yue Zha Akebia Fruit Akebiae, Fructus bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Chen Pi Tangerine Peel Citri Reticulatae, Pericarpium pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Sp. Lu. meridians
Chen Xiang Aquilaria Aquilariae Resinatum, Lignum pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Sp., St., Kid. meridians
Chuan Lian Zi Melia Meliae Toosendan, Fructus bitter, cold, ; slightly poisionous; affinity to Liv., SI., UB. meridians
Da Fu Pi Areca Peel Arecae Catechu, Pericarpium pungent, slight warm; affinity to Sp., St., LI. meridians
Dao Dou Canavalia, Jack Bean, Sword Bean Canavaliae, Semen sweet, warm; affinity to St., Kid. Meridians
Fo Shou Finger Citrus Citri Sarcodactylis, Fructus pungent, bitter, sour, warm; affinity to Liv., Sp., Lu. meridians
Gan Song Nardostachys, Chinese Nardostachys Rhizome Nardostachys, Radix seu Rhizoma acrid, sweet, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Hou Po Magnolia Bark Magnoliae Officinalis, Cortex bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to Sp, St., Lu., LI. meridians
Jiang Xiang Acronichia, Dalbergia, Rosewood Lignum Dalbergiae Odoriferae warm, pungent; affinity to Liv., Sp., St. meridians as well as Qi & blood
Jiu Ceng Ta Basil Ocimi Basilici, Herba acrid, pungent, warm; affinity to St., Liv., Kid. Meridians
Jiu Li Xiang Murraya Paniculata Murraya Paniculata Folium pungent, slightly bitter, warm, slightly poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian
Ju Hong, Ju Pi Orange Peel Citri Erythrocarpae, Exocarpium pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Lu., Sp. meridians
Li Zhi He Litchi Seed Litchi Chinensis, Semen sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Mu Xiang Saussurea Saussurea seu Vladimiriae, Radix pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Lu., Liv., Sp., St., LI. meridians
Po Bu Zi Ye Sebastan Plum Cordia Dichotoma, Folium bitter, slightly astringent, cool; affinity to Lev., Kid., St. meridians
Qing Mu Xiang Slender Dutchmanspipe Root Aristolochiae Recurvilabra, Radix bitter, pungent, cold; affinity to H., St. meridians
Qing Pi Blue Citrus Citri Reticulatae Viride, Pericarpium pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., GB., Sp. meridians
Shi Di Kaki Diospyros Kaki, Calyx bitter, astringent, neutral; affinity to Lu. meridians
Suo Luo Zi Aesculus seed, Chinese Buckeye Seed, Wilson Buckeye seed Aesculi, Semen sweet, warm; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Tan Xiang Sandelwood Santali Albi, Lignum pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., St., Lu. meridians
Tian Xian Teng Aristolochia Stem Aristolochiae, Caulis bitter, warm; toxic; affinity to Lu., Sp., Kid. Meridians
Wan Dian Jin ilex Ilicis Asprellae, Radix bland, cool; affinity to Lu. Meridian
Wu Yao Lindera Root Linderae Strychnifoliae, Radix pungent, warm; affinity to Lu., Sp., Kid. meridians
Xiang Fu Cyperus Cyperi Rotundi, Rhizoma pungent, slightly bitter, sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., SJ. meridians
Xiang Yuan Citrus Fruit Citri Ftructus pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., Sp., Lu. meridians
Xie Bai Bakeri Bulbus Allii Macrostemi pungent, bitter, warm; affinity to Lu., St., LI. LSZ. p589
Zhi Ke Citri seu Ponciri Citri seu Ponciri, Fructus bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Zhi Shi Citri seu Ponciri I. Citri seu Ponciri Immaturus, Fructus bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Sp., St. meridians


31. Herbs that activiate blood circulation

Chong Wei Zi Leonurus Fruit Leonuri Heterophylli, Semen bitter, pungent, slightly cool; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
Chu Fu Porcellio scaber Latreille Porcellio scaber Latreille sour, warm; affinity to Lu., Kid. meridians
Chuan Niu Xi Cyathula Cyathulae Officinalis, Radix bitter, sour, neutral; affinity to liver and kidney meridians
Chuan Shan Jia Anteater Scales, Pangolin Scales Manitis Pentadactylae, Squama salty, cold; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Chuan Tong Pi Kalopanacis Kalopanax Pictus, Ramus acrid, bitter, warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Chuan Xiong Cnidium, , Sichuan Lovage Rhizome Ligustici Chuanxiong, Rhizoma pungent, warm; affinity to Liv., GB., P. meridians
Dan Shen Salvia Root Salviae Miltiorrhizae, Radix bitter, slightly cold; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
E Zhu Curcuma Zedoaria Curcumae Zedoariae, Rhizoma bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to Liv. meridian
Feng Xiang Zhi Liquidambar Resin Liquidambaris Resina pungent, slightly bitter, nautral; affinity to Liv. meridian
Gan Qi Dried Lacquer Toxicodendri, Resina acrid, bitter, warm; slightly toxic; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Hong Hua Carthamus Carthami Tinctorii, Flos pungent, warm; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Huai Niu Xi Achyranthes Achyranthis Bidentatae, Radix bitter, sour, neutral; affinity to liver and kidney meridians
Jiang Huang Turmeric Curcumae, Rhizoma Longae Aromatica bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., Liv. meridians
Jin Bu Huan Lucopodium Lycopodii Serrati, Herba acrid, sweet, neutral; affinity to Lu., Liv., LI. Meridians
Liang Mian Zhen Zanthoxylum Root Zanthoxylum nitidum Radix pungent, bitter, warm, slightly poisonous; affinity to Liv. meridian
Ling Xiao Hua Campsis grandi flower Campsis Grandi flora sweet, sour, cold; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
Liu Ji Nu Mugwort Artemiaia Anomalae, Herba bitter, warm; affinity to H., Sp. meridians
Ma Bian Cao Verbena Verbenae Officinalis, Herba bitter, cool; affinity to Liv., Sp. Meridians
Mao Dong Qing Ilex Pubescentis Root Ilicis Pubescentis, Radix pungent, bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., H., Lu. meridians
Meng Chong Tabanus Tabanus, Tabanus Bivittatus Mats bitter, cold, slightly toxic; affinity to liver meridian
Mo Yao Myrrh Myrrhae, Resina Commiphorae bitterr, pungent, neutral; affinity to Liv. meridians
Ru Xiang Mastic, Frankincense, Olibanum Olibanum, Resina bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to H., Liv., Sp. meridians
San Leng Sparganium, Common Bur-reed Rhizome Sparganii Stoloniferi, Rhizoma bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv., Sp. meridians
Shui Zhi Medicinal Leech Hirudo seu Whitmaniae salty, bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv. meridians
Su Mu Sappan Wood Sappan, Lignum pungent, neutral; affinity to blood region of Liv., H., Sp. meridians
Tao Ren Persica, Peach Seed Pruni Persicae, Semen bitterr, sweet, neutral; affinity to H., Liv., LI. meridians
Tu Bie Chong, Di Bie Chong, Zhe Chong Eupolyphaga Eupolyphaga seu Opisthoplatia salty, cold, poisonous; affinity to Liv., H., Sp. meridians
Wang Bu Liu Xing Vaccaria Vaccariae Segetalis, Semen bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv., St. meridians
Wu Ling Zhi Pteropus Pteromi seu Trogopteri, Excrementum sweet, warm; affinity to Liv. meridians
Xue Jie Dragon Blood Draconis, Sanguis sweet, salty, neutral; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
Yan Hu Suo Corydalis Corydalis, Rhizoma bitter, pungent, warm; affinity to Liv. P., Sp, Lu. meridian
Ye Ming Sha Bat Droppings, Bat Dung Vespertilii Murini, Excrementum pungnent, cold; affinity to Liv. meridians
Yi Mu Cao Leonurus Leonuri Heterophylli, Herba pungent, bitter, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
Yin Xing Ye Ginkgo Leaf Ginkgo Biloba, Forlium sweat, bitter, astringent, neutral; affinity to H., Lu., LI. Meridians
Yu Jin Curcuma, Aromatic Turmeric Tuber Curcuma aromaitica Salisb, Radix pungent, bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., H., Lu. meridians
Ze Lan Lycopus Lycopi Lucidi, Herba bitter, pungent, slightly warm; affinity to Liv., Sp. meridians
Zi Ran Tong Pyrite Piritum pungent, bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians


32. Herbs that arrest hemorrhage

Bai Ji Bletilla, Common Bletilla Tuber, Hyacinth Bletillae Striatae, Rhizoma bitter, sweet, astringent, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., St., Liv. meridians
Ce Bai Ye Platydadus Leaves, Leafy Twigs of Chinese Arborvitae Platycladus orientalis, Cacumen bitter, astringent, slightly cold; affinity to Lu., Liv., Sp. meridians
Da Ji Cirsium, Japanese Thistle Cirsii Japonici, Herba seu Radix sweet, bitter, cold; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Di Yu Sanguisorba Sanguisorbae Officinalis, Radix bitter, sour, slightly cold; affinity to Liv., LI. meridians
Fu Long Gan Soot and Ash from an Enclosed Fire Pit Terra Flava Usta pungent, warm; affinity to Sp., St. meridians
Hai Piao Xiao Sepia Sepiae seu Sepiellae, Os salty, astringent, slightly warm; affinity to Liv., Kid. meridians
Hei Pu Huang Bulrush Carbonized Typhae, Pollen Carbonisata
Hua Rui Shi [Hua Xin Shi] Ophicalcite Ophicalcitum sour, pungent, neutral; affinity to liver meridian
Huai Hua Sophora Flower Sophorae Japonicae, Flos bitter, slightly cold; affinity to intestine and liver meridians
Lian Fang Lotus Peducle Nelumbinis Nuciferae, Receotaculum bitter, astringent, warm; affinity to Liv. meridian and blood region
Ou Jie Lotus Node Nelumbinis Rhizomatis, Nodus sweet, astringent, neutral; affinity to Liv., Lu., St. meridians
Pu Huang Bulrush, Cattail Pollen Typhae, Pollen sweet, neutral; affinity to P., Liv. meridians
Qian Cao Gen Madder Root Rubiae Cordifoliae, Radix bitter, cold; affinity to Liv., P. meridians
San Qi Pseudoginseng, Notoginseng Pseudoginseng, Radix sweet, slightly bitter, warm; lsightly toxic; affinity to Liv., St. Meridians
Xian He Cao Hairyvein Agrimonia Herb and Bud Agrimoniae Pilosae, Herba bitter, astringent, neutral; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Xiao Ji Cephalanoploris, Common Cephalanoplos, Field Thistle, Setose Cephalanoplos Cephalanoploris, Herba sweet, cold; affinity to H., Liv. meridians
Xue Yu Tan Charred Human Hair Crinis Carbonisatus bitter, neutral; affinity to Liv. and Kid. meridians
Zi Zhu Callicarpa Leaf Callicarpae, Forlium bitter, astringent, cool; affinity to Liv., Lu., St. meridians
Zong Lu Tan Trachycarpus Fiber Carbonized Trachycarpus Fasciculus Carbonisata bitter, astringent, neutral; affinity to Liv. Lu., LI. and Sp. meridians


33. Herbs for external application

Ban Mao Cantharis Mylabris pungent, warm, poisonous
Chan Su Toad Venum, Cake of Toad Skin Secretion Venenum Bufonis sweet, pungent, warm, poison; affinity to St., H. QZH. vol.I, p.938; LSZ. p703
Da Feng Zi hydnocarpus, chaulmoogra seed Hydnocarpi, Semen acrid, hot; extremely toxic; affinity to Liv., Sp., Kid. Meridians
Er Cha Acacia Catechu Acacia seu Gambir, Ramus et Herba bitter, astringent, neutral; affinity to Lu. & H. meridian
Liu Huang Sulfur Sulphur sour, warm, poisonous; affinity to Kid., P. meridians
Lu Gan Shi Smithsonitum Calamina sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., St. Meridians
Ma Qian Zi Nux Vomica Strychni Semen; Nux-vomica Semen bitter, cold, very poisonous, affinity to Liv. & Sp. meridians
Mi Tuo Seng Litharge Lithargyum salty, acrid, neutral; toxic; affinity to Liv., Sp. Meridians
Ming Fan Alunite Alumen [KAI(SO4)2.12H2O] sour, astringent, cold; affinity to Lu., LI., Liv. meridians
Mu Bie Zi Momordica Momordicae, Semen bitter, slightly sweet and warm; toxic; affinity to Liv., Sp., St.
Peng Sha Borax Borax sweet, salty, cool; affinity to Lu, St. Meridians
Qian Dan Minium Minium bitter, cool; toxic; affinity to H., Liv. Meridians
Qing Fen Calomel Calomelas acrid, cold; toxic; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Shi Hui Lime Calcarea cold; affinity to Liv. meridian
Tu Jin Pi Pseudolarix Bark Pseudolaricis, Cortex et Rhizoma pungent, warm, toxic
Wu Ming Yi Pyrolusite Pyrolusitum sweet, neutral; affinity to Liv., Kid. Meridians
Xian Ren Zhang cbollarootorstem cactus bitter, cold, astringent; affinity to H., Lu., St. meridians
Xiong Huang Realgar Realgar acrid, bitter, warm; toxic; affinity to H., Liv., Kid. Meridians
Zhang Nao Camphora Camphora acrid, hot; toxic; affinity to H., Sp. Meridians

Herbal Database with category filter⇒

Herbal Formula Database with search filter⇒

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